HATSHEPSUT


Hatshepsut was an Egyptian Queen and Pharaoh. She accomplished many things, but perhaps the greatest of all was her ability to rule Egypt during the 8th Dynasty. More than a military commander she was a benefactress of the arts. Until that time it had been extremely rare for a woman to sit on the throne of Egypt and unheard of for a woman to boldy assume the role of a pharaoh. From the valley of the Kings we crosed the mountain on foot and arrived in that way at her temple or Deir el-Bahari in the valley consecrated to the goddess Hathor. Some years ago many people, among them Swiss tourists, were killed  there by terrorists.

DCF 1.0

DCF 1.0

Unscramble the various paragraphs in a way that  they make sense.

1)This was a bold move for the female ruler. It was at this time that Hatshepsut began to take mesures to insure the people of Egypt saw her as the  legitimate ruler of the Egyptian nation. According to their custom, the ruling pharaoh was required to be considered as divine.

2)She therefore made efforts to curry favour with them and succeeded admirably. Finally, Hatshepsut disposed of traditional female clothing and donned the garb of traditional male pharaohs.

Hatshepsut temple

Hatshepsut temple

3)In 1473 B.C.Hatshepsut decided she had had enough of ruling on behalf of the child and declared herself pharaoh.

4)This, of course, meant that he married his half sister, Hatshepsut. It is believed that the new king did not live long and upon his death his son, by another wife, became paharaoh. The child was too young to rule a country like Egypt, so his aunt and stepmother took over on his behalf , as regent and ruled for six years.

DCF 1.0

DCF 1.0

5)Reliefs and artwork depicting the female pharaoh indicate that she wore a fake beard similar to the ones worn by previous male sitting on the throne of Egypt. The art portraying the queen also seems to indicate that among the accomplishments of Queen Hatshepsut was the respect of the Egyptian people.

6)Hatshepsut struck upon the brilliant plan of claiming her mother was visited by the deity Amon-Ra who called upon her while pregnant with Hatshepsut. His would seem to indicate that the Queen was divine because of the visit. Hatshepsut was also astute enough to realize that her stronghold on the throne of Egypt was only as strong as the priests’ support of her.

DCF 1.0

DCF 1.0

7)A timeline of Queen Hatshepsut’s live indicates she was born the daughter of King Thutmose I and one of his queens.

8)When the king died the throne was inherited by his son, In keeping up with traditional Egyptian standards, the new king married his father’s oldest daughter.

The answers:

7 8 4 3 1 6 2 5

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