STILL IN BUKHARA/ NOCH IMMER IN BUCHARA/D/E/I


Bolo-Hovuz-Moschee (Bolohovuz masjidi) ist eine historische Moschee in Buchara.
Sie wurde im Jahr 1712 n.Chr. unmittelbar gegenüber der Zitadelle von Buchara/Festung im Stadtteil Registan erbaut und wurde zusammen mit den anderen Teilen der historischen Stadt in die Liste des UNESCO-Weltkulturerbes aufgenommen. Die Bolo-Hovuz-Moschee fungierte vor allem als Freitagsmoschee, was heute noch der Fall ist. (Fotos von Martina Ramsauer)
The Bolo-Hovuz mosque (Bolohovuz masjidi) is a historical mosque in Bukhara. It was built in 1712 AD and is situated in front of the ARK/Fortress in the Registan district in Bukhara. It was integrated into the list of the UNESCO- World Heritage. This mosque was and still is, above all, a Friday mosque.

Da es einigen meiner blogger Freunde und mir selbst sehr gut gefällt in der Oasenstadt Buchara/Buxoro, habe ich gedacht noch ein Weilchen hier, in einer der ältesten Städte Mittelasiens, zu verbleiben!

Die Altstadt von Buchara zeichnet sich durch viele sehenswerte Bauten aus und ist besonders gut erhalten. Die Altstadt wurde von der UNESCO zum Weltkulturerbe ernannt und begeistert durch zahlreiche Tempel, Medresen und Moscheen. Viele dieser Orte sind Anziehungspunkte für zahlreiche muslimische Pilger. Ich denke jedoch, dass ein Spaziergang durch die malerische Altstadt mit ihren eindrucksvollen Bauwerken und vor allem mit dem Labi-Hauz, dem wunderschönen Seelein, um welches sich viele einladende Restaurant befinden für jedermann ideal ist, um Freunde zu treffen und deshalb nicht versäumt sollte!

Der Schriftsteller Ansary schreibt z.B. in seinem Buch «DIE UNBEKANNTE MITTE DER WELT»z.B über die Safawiden/Persisches Reich, oder über Ismail und sein verlorener Krieg gegen die Ottomanen in Tschaldiran. Sein Reich erholte sich anscheinend jedoch nicht nur von dieser Schmach, sondern gedieh auch noch! Die Safawiden und die Ottomanen schafften es miteinander Geschäfte zu machen, so dass Handel nach beiden Seiten gedieh! Für mich ist das gar nicht so selbstverständlich!

Das Reich der Safawiden war stets kleiner gewesen, als das der Osmanen, aber es hatte eine einzige Staatsreligion und eine einzige ethnische Gruppe, so dass eine grössere Einigkeit bestand. Dieses Perserreich war unter dem Urenkel von Ismail auf dem Höhepunkt. Shah Abbas der Grosse lebte von 1629-1736 und starb nach einer Regierungszeit von 42 Jahren. Während dieser Zeit herrschte das Safawidenreich über mehrere Länder, USBEKISTAN eingeschlossen. Abbas scheint fähig gewesen zu sein nicht nur seine Armee aufzurüsten, sondern auch die Textilindustrie, Keramik und Teppichindustrien, die staatlich unterstützt wurden, zu entwickeln, so dass die Produkte in weit entfernte Länder, wie Europa, Afrika oder Indien verkauft wurden, sowie umgekehrt! Wenn ein Land jedoch wirtschaftlich zu abhängig wird von einem anderen, birgt das grosse Gefahren, welche das Osmanische Reich auf bittere Weise erfahren musste!!

Gedicht von Hafis, einem persische Dichter

Verdammt nicht gleich den andern. Übt Milde.

Verzeiht. Entschuldigt.

Wenn jeder alles von dem andern wüsste, es würde jeder gern und leicht verzeihen.

Es gäbe keinen Stolz mehr, keinen Hochmut

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

Das Aufkommen der Safawiden bedeutete das erste Mal, seit den Sassaniden im 7. Jahrhundert, dass die ganze Region von einem einzigen persischen König regiert wurde.

Als sie an die Macht kamen führten sie den Shi’ Islam ein, was bedeutet, dass sie glaubten, dass ihr Führer den Vorgaben des Propheten Mohamed und seiner Familie folgen sollte, währenddem die Sunnis glaubten, dass der Führer vom Volk gewählt werden sollten.

Es ist unbekannt, wann und von wem der Ark/Festung erbaut worden ist. Daher konnte sich die regional verbreitete Legende halten, dass die Legendenfigur Siyawash, ein persicher Prinz und eine Figur aus dem Epos Schāhnāme des Dichters Firdausi gewesen sein soll. Wissenschaftliche Ausgrabungen lassen darauf schließen, dass die Burg im 4. Jh. v. Chr. erbaut worden ist. Im Lauf der Zeit wurde die Zitadelle jedoch mehrmals zerstört und wiederaufgebaut, zuletzt unter den Scheibaniden, einer usbekischen Dynastie des 16. Jh. n.C.

Due to the fact that that some of my blogger friends and me, too, like it in Bukhara/Buxoro, I thought to remain here for some more time! By the way, it is one of the oldest cities of  Central Asia and was built in the first century before Christ.

It is unknown when and by whom the ARK/Fortress was built. Due to this fact the legend which is known in this region and says that the character of this legend, Siywash, was a Persian prince and a figure from the epos by the famous poet Firdausi. Scientific exhibitions assume that the Fortress was built in the 4th century BC. and has been destroyed various times in the course of history, but has always been rebuilt, the last time when Bukhara was controlled by the Scheibanids, a dynasty from Uzbekistan in the 16th century AD.

The old town of Buchara stands out for its many monuments worth seeing. It has been declared a world culture heritage by the UNESCO and people get enthralled by the numerous temples, medresis or mosques. Many of these places are full up of Muslim pilgrims, but I think that a sight-seeing tour across this picturesque old town and the lovely Labi-Hauz, the very inviting little lake and its restaurants ,where one can meet friends and have a nice meal is great for everybody!

The writer Ansary, for example, also writes in his book “Disrupted History” about the Safavid/ Persian empire, or about Ismail and the lost war against the Ottomans in Chaldiran. His empire, however, seems to have not only survived but even prospered. The Safavids and the Ottomans managed to do business together and trade began to flow in both directions, which doesn’t seem to me to be granted!

The Safavid Empire was always smaller than that of the Ottomans, but they had a single state religion and its single ethnic group, it was culturally more unified. The Persian Empire peaked under Ismail’s great grandson Shah Abbas the Great, who died in 1629 after a forty-two-year reign. At the height of their reign, which lasted until 1736, they controlled also countries like UZBEKISTAN. Abbas seemed to have been capable not only to equip his armies, but also to develop a booming state-supported textile, ceramics and carpet industries, which exported goods to places as distant as western Europe, Africa and India and the other way round. When one country, however, gets to dependent on another, as far as trade is concerned, it may have horrible consequences, such as the Ottomans experienced in the end!!

…………………………………………………………………………….

Poem by Hafis, a persian poet (my translation)

Do not immediately damn the other, be lenient!

Forgive, excuse

Be aware of your own faults

If everybody new everything from the other,

Everyone would easily forgive,

There wouldn’t remain pride and haughtiness

…………………………………………………………………………….

The emergence of the Safavids marked the first time that the region was ruled by Persian kings since the Sasanian dynasty back in the seventh century.

When they rose to power they established Shi’a Islam, which means that they believed the leader should follow the lineage of Prophet Muhammad’s family, whereas the Sunnis believed the leader should be elected amongst the people!

La moschea di Bolo Hovuz (Bolohovuz masjidi/(vedi sopra) è una moschea storica di Bukhara.

Fu costruita nel 1712 d.C. proprio di fronte alla Cittadella/Fortezza di Bukhara nel quartiere Registan e fu iscritta nella lista del patrimonio mondiale dell’UNESCO insieme alle altre parti della città storica. La moschea di Bolo Hovuz funzionava principalmente come moschea del venerdì, cosa che avviene ancora oggi.

Dato che a me e ad alcuni miei amici blogger piace molto Bukhara/Buxoro, ho pensato di fermarmi qui ancora per un po’! A proposito, è una delle più antiche città dell’Asia centrale e ha avuto origine nel primo secolo a.C.

Non si sa quando e da chi fu costruita l’Arca/fortezza. Pertanto, la leggenda diffusa a livello regionale che la figura leggendaria fosse Siyawash, un principe persiano e un personaggio dell’epica Shāhnāme del poeta Firdausi, ha potuto persistere. Gli scavi scientifici suggeriscono che il castello fu costruito nel IV secolo a.C. Nel corso del tempo, tuttavia, la cittadella fu distrutta e ricostruita diverse volte, più recentemente sotto gli Sheibanidi, una dinastia uzbeka del XVI secolo CE.

L’autore Ansary scrive nel suo libro “THE UNKNOWN MIDDLE OF THE WORLD” (Il centro del mondo sconosciuto), ad esempio, sull’impero safavide/persiano, o su Ismail e la sua guerra persa contro gli ottomani a Chaldiran. Tuttavia, il suo impero apparentemente non solo si è ripreso da questa ignominia, ma ha prosperato! I Safavidi e gli Ottomani riuscirono a fare affari tra di loro, così il commercio fiorì per entrambe le parti.

L’impero safavide era sempre stato più piccolo dell’impero ottomano, ma avevano una sola religione di stato e un solo gruppo etnico, quindi c’era una maggiore unità. Questo impero persiano era al suo apice sotto il pronipote di Ismail Shah Abbas il Grande visse dal 1629-1736 e morì dopo un regno di 42 anni. Durante questo periodo, l’impero safavide controllava diversi paesi, tra cui l’Uzbekistan. Sembra che Abbas sia stato in grado non solo di armare il suo esercito, ma anche di sviluppare le industrie tessili, della ceramica e dei tappeti, che erano sostenute dallo stato, così che i prodotti venivano venduti a paesi lontani come l’Europa, l’Africa o l’India e viceverso! Quando un paese diventa comunque troppo dipendente da un altro le conseguenze possono essere distruggenti come vediamo nel crollo dell’empiro ottomano!

La città vecchia di Bukhara è caratterizzata da molti edifici da vedere ed è particolarmente ben conservata. La città vecchia è stata designata come patrimonio mondiale dell’UNESCO e impressiona con i suoi numerosi templi, le sue medre e le sue moschee. Molti di questi luoghi attirano numerosi pellegrini musulmani. Tuttavia, penso che una passeggiata nel pittoresco centro storico con i suoi imponenti edifici e soprattutto con il Labi-Hauz, il bellissimo laghetto intorno al quale si trovano molti ristoranti invitanti, è l’ideale per tutti per incontrare gli amici e quindi non dovrebbe essere perso!

L’avvento dei Safavidi significò che per la prima volta dai tempi dei Sassanidi nel VII secolo, l’intera regione fu governata da un unico re persiano.

Quando arrivarono al potere, introdussero l’Islam sciita, nel senso che credevano che il loro leader dovesse seguire la guida del profeta Mohamed e della sua famiglia, mentre i sunniti credevano che il leader dovesse essere eletto dal popolo.

Mohn/poppy/pavavero

My post concerning the Silk Road/Mein Beitrag zur neuen eisernen Seidenstrasse/Il mio post concernente la nuova Via della Seta

43 replies »

  1. Ganz erzlichen Dank, liebe Martina, für diese feine Vorstellung von Bukhara. Masterchen kam zuerst auf Bukhara durch Gurdjieff, der die dort Sufis besuchte. Es war einer der Orte der bedeutendsten Sufi-Meister. Später reiste meine Schwester nach Sarmakant und Bukhara. Die Altstadt von Bukhara ist wohl Orient vom Feisten.
    Mit lieben Grüßen
    The Fab Four of Cley
    🙂 🙂 🙂 🙂

    Liked by 3 people

    • Ich freue mich sehr über deine Worte, lieber Klausbernd, und ich kann mich auch noch schwach an deinen Beitrag über Gurdjieff erinnern. In “Destiny Disupted” bin ich jetzt in der Zeit des “Great Games” angekommen, in der Russland und die Europäer, vor allem die Briten, das Zepter in dieser Region mehr und mehr übernehmen!
      Jetzt, da ich mich wieder mit dieser Region beschäftige, kommen meine positiven Gefühle wieder hoch und ich freue mich darüber, dass ich diese unvergesslichen Städte gesehen habe!:) Liebe Grüsse an euch alle, deine Schwester eingeschlossen!:)
      Martina

      Liked by 2 people

  2. Danke ganz herzlich, liebe Martina, fuer diesen weiteren sehr informativen Beitrag ueber eine wohl fantastische Stadt, von der ich bisher nichts als den Namen kannte.
    Liebe Gruesse,
    Pit

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Wo du überall herumkommst! Sehr interessant! Danke für die vielen Einblicke in eine Stadt, dessen Land vielen von uns noch sehr unbekannt sein wird. Ich habe immer noch Schwierigkeiten die vielen früher russischen Länder auf der Landkarte zu orten und du bist schon dort! Toll!

    Liked by 1 person

    • Ja, liebe Erika, das war eine ganz spezielle Reise in ein Land mit einer total anderen Kultur und Gewohnheiten. Auf dem Markt hat eine Frau gehört, wie wir zusammen Deutsch sprachen und hat uns angesprochen, weil sie Deutschlehrerin war. Nach einem kurzen Gespräch wollte sie uns zu sich nach Hause zum Erbeeressen einladen. Weil der Reiseführer uns beigebracht hatte nichts aus Gläsern zu trinken und nichts Rohes zu essen, wegen Krakheiten, die man eventuell bekommen konnte, mussten wir diese nette Einladung leider ablehnen!
      Ich danke dir ganz herzlich für dein Interesse:) Lieben Gruss

      Liked by 2 people

  4. The -stan countries are incredible, and not well known. Thank you for this glimpse into Uzbekistan’s past. I have never traveled that far east, but hopefully one day.

    The mosque is like a work made of lace, and I am amazed at how the blue terracotta tiles reflect in the tomb reflect in the handmade carpet!

    The poem is a lesson in humility. Thank you for translating it.

    Liked by 2 people

    • How nice to see your interests in my topic, Patricia, for which I thank you very much!:) We were really spellbound by the beauty of their cultural monuments, many like made of lace as you say! We were also impressed by the kindness of the people!
      To show more forgiveness would certainly help us all around the world
      Our guide told us, however, that people who lived along the river Amudarja had a good income, but then they started to increase the production of cotton and their was not much water left for the fish and the business in this sector.
      All the best!

      Liked by 2 people

    • I very much enjoyed your visit in my house, Roberta, and thank you for it:)
      Fortunately we have all these pictures so that we can sometimes revisit the gorgeous places we visited in Uzbekistan and its marvellously coloured tiles.
      The more I have been thinking about the words of the mentioned poem the more I ask myself, whether forgiveness was/is more easily given in places, where people were/are more religious! Please excuse my difficult question!
      Have a nice weekend 🙂

      Liked by 2 people

      • Hi Martina, It may be easier for more religious people to forgive people of their own religion but I don’t think it necessarily extended to people of a different religion. This comment is based on my knowledge of religious wars and historical eras like the Spanish inquisition. Mankind has always been an aggressive and warlike creature it seems to me.

        Liked by 2 people

      • I am afraid, Roberta, that you have a very important point here:) I have seen such behaviour between catholics and protestants when I was a child! Thank you very much for having taken the time to give me your answer!
        As far as the SAPIENS are concerned, I have the impression that the hunters and collectors had more respect for each other, plants or animals.
        Have e nice weekend!

        Liked by 2 people

  5. Central Asia fascinates me. Such a complex history. How incredible that you were able to visit. Those countries are high on my wish list.

    Hope all is well with you, Martina.🙂

    Liked by 2 people

    • Dear Julie, thank you so much of your visit and I am always touched, when our ways cross:):)
      Those countries have really been a highlight in my/our lives and its history is just fascinating all along and I get more and more convinced that it is worthwhile trying to know a little bit more about !
      I am getting older and I realize that every day, but otherwise you know, we live in paradise too!! You know that you have a place in my heart! I wish you all the best and a big hug. Martina

      Liked by 2 people

  6. I was actually planning to visit Uzbekistan because recently it changed its visa policy which allows Indonesians to visit without getting a visa beforehand. But then the pandemic happens. It’s nice to see some of the places I want to see through your photos, Martina. And I really appreciate you including that poem.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Thank you very, Bama, for your interests and I am sure the day will come for you to visit this very special places and its highly interesting history. 🙂
      You are right about the poem, we the human beings should put it more often into practice!
      All the best Martina

      Liked by 2 people

  7. Nice from you to review some of your travels, on these days of pandemic and travel restrictions.
    I am glad you are familiar with Hafez, to translate a poem from Hafez, actually I am about to buy a new translated book from him, since I read a book of his poetry in English years ago that become very popular, to be a fake, read this:

    https://thewire.in/books/hafez-persian-translation-daniel-ladinsky

    Anyway Martina, hope these pandemic days will be over soon.
    Take care dear. 😊

    Liked by 2 people

    • I returned to that region, because of the very challenging book: “Destiny Disrupted” A History of the World Through Islamic Eyes by Amim Tansary, which explains history, also the European one, from their point of view!!! Yes, I have a little booklet with poems by Hafiz/Hafez! I will check your link and hope to be able to buy and read it on my Kindle.
      As you have certainly heard the Covid situation in Europe is not funny! I thought of you, but we didn’t hear any news about Mexico or USA. I keep my fingers crosed for you:)

      Liked by 2 people

      • Now Destiny Disrupted, that’s a book I may read read Martina, no disrespect to you Europeans, but it’s always good to hear what the other, has to say, specially now day we get our news by the great corporate Western media apparatus, and book writers.
        Here covid it’s old news, sure everybody wears a mask, and you hear on the news so many cases here, and there, but actually do not hear anymore personal accounts, as last year, and some months ago I did.

        Liked by 2 people

      • This book has really told me many things about history of that other world I didn’t know!! It would be a great pleasure for me to hear your opinion, Brogido, about it!
        Unfortunately, we have in our family people, who can’t be vaccinated twice!
        I very much enjoyed your words:):)

        Liked by 1 person

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