CRIMEA/Krim/table/Tisch/tavolo/E/D/I


I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit together at the table of brotherhood. (Martin Luther King, Jr.)

Where could this table be?

Where could this table be? For those who want to know more about it can click here on my site:http://www.langedi49.ch/langedi49/ENVIRONMENT/Eintrage/2013/11/4_THIS_IS_THE_LIVADIA_PALACE_IN_YALTA.html

Ich habe einen Traum, dass eines Tages, auf den roten Hügeln von Georgia, die Söhne früherer Sklaven und die Söhne früherer Sklavenhalter fähig sein werden an einem Tisch der Bruderschaft zusammen zu sitzen. (Meine Übersetzung)

Wo könnte dieser Tisch sein?

Ho un sogno che un bel giorno, sulle colline rosse della Giorgia i figli di precedenti schiavi e i figli di precedenti proprietari di schiavi saranno capaci di mettersi in fratternanza ad un tavolo . (La mia traduzione)

Dove potrebbe essere questo tavolo?

 

Catherine the Great made not only war against the Ottoman Empire between 1768-1774 but also invaded and captured the Crimea. She also acquired a right of passage through the straits from Constantinople into the Mediterranean.

I fell, however, in love the at first sight with Catherine the Great’s Odessa, Ukraine which she founded in 1794 and which reminded me of St. Petersburg because of its gorgeous palaces/houses of various architectural styles even in one and the same building and wide streets. or boulevards. Anyway, this city has been multicultural with German colonisations ever since its foundation. Unfortunately in the 30ies, due to intensive and violent russification the society changed completely.

The port is also very impressive and the Potemkin stairs, of course , which are considered a formal entrance into the city from the direction of the sea are  the best known symbol of the city and a tourist attraction . Potemkin was Catherine’s co-ruler, lover, secret husband, best friend and one of the most brilliant statesmen of the 18thcentury.

 

Right behind the stairs, there is also a to the “Duc” de Richelieu. He commanded a division in the Turkish war and after his return to France even became Prime Minister.

There is also a very famous film „Battleship Potemkin“ a classic masterpiece of silent film from director Sergej Eisenstein from 1925 where these stairs are important. The film is based on the true events of the Russian Revolution of 1905. The film had an incredible impact on the development of cinema and was a masterful example of montage editing.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7TgWoSHUn8c

At the Prince Gagarin Palace, now literature museum, we could attend a lovely classical concert. Another important building is, of course, the opera in new baroque style or the Tolstoy Palace which also became a museum. I was also looking for the Ephrussi Bank, famous because of the book “ The Hare with Amber Eyes” by Edmund De Waal. It’s right opposite the opera but I couldn’t take a picture but it was grey and didn’t appear to me so outstanding.

Alexander Pushkin

The Government and the Pushkin monument are at the southern end of the Primorski Boulevard. The famous writer was exiled to this city in 1823/24 and was forced to work for the city administration. He wrote more than 30 poems while he was in Odessa and also started with “THE GYPSIES” http://www.pushkins-poems.com/Gypsies01.htm and I like it very much. By the way on the monument you can see that he is showing his behind to the government!

The Don Cossacks were massively oppressed under the reign of Catherine II but later received their own territories on the borders of the reign at risk and special rights.

They were later persecuted and killed by the thousand by the Bolschewiks. Maybeit is because of this they clinged to their traditions, especially to the melancholic  music also when they, after the second world war and Germany‘s defeat, they were handed over to the Russians. The fate of the Don Cossacks is hardly to make out in numbers after that tragedy.

About Yalta

In February 1945, the famous Yalta Conference took place in the Livadia Palace. The table is therefore located here

  1. Churchill wanted the conference to be held here because of the mild climate on the Crimean peninsula.
  2. The three statesmen, Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt, discussed here the future
    future composition of Europe.
  3. Tsar Alexander II, Alexander III and the last tsar Nicolai II spent time here in this Renaissance palace with their families.
Das Schwalbennest ist ein Schloss an der Südküste der Halbinsel Krim in der Nähe von Jalta.Swallow’s net is a castle on the South Coast of the crimean peninsula near Yalta. Il Nido di Rondine è un castello sulla costa meridionale della penisola di Crimea vicino a Yalta.

DEUTSCH

Katharina die Große führte zwischen 1768 und 1774 nicht nur Krieg gegen das Osmanische Reich, sondern marschierte auch in die Krim ein und eroberte sie. Sie erwarb auch das Recht auf Durchfahrt durch die Meerenge von Konstantinopel ins Mittelmeer.

Ich verliebte mich jedoch auf den ersten Blick in das von Katharina der Großen 1794 gegründete ukrainische Odessa, das mich wegen seiner prächtigen Paläste/Häuser verschiedener architektonischer Stile, die sich sogar in ein und demselben Gebäude befinden, und seiner breiten Straßen oder Boulevards an St. Petersburg erinnerte. Wie auch immer, diese Stadt ist seit ihrer Gründung multikulturell mit deutschen Kolonisationen. Leider hat sich die Gesellschaft in den 30er Jahren durch die intensive und gewaltsame Russifizierung völlig verändert.

Der Hafen ist ebenfalls sehr beeindruckend und die potemkinsche Treppe, die als formeller Eingang in die Stadt aus Richtung Meer gilt, ist das bekannteste Symbol der Stadt und eine Touristenattraktion. Potemkin war Katharinas Mitregent, Liebhaber, heimlicher Ehemann, bester Freund und einer der brillantesten Staatsmänner des 18. Jahrhunderts.

Gleich hinter der Treppe befindet sich ein Denkmal für den “Duc” de Richelieu. Er befehligte eine Division im Türkenkrieg und wurde nach seiner Rückkehr nach Frankreich sogar Premierminister.

YALTA/JALTA

Es gibt auch einen sehr berühmten Film “Panzerkreuzer Potemkin”, ein klassisches Meisterwerk des Stummfilms von Regisseur Sergej Eisenstein aus dem Jahr 1925, in dem diese Treppe eine wichtige Rolle spielt. Der Film basiert auf den wahren Ereignissen der russischen Revolution von 1905. Der Film hatte einen unglaublichen Einfluss auf die Entwicklung des Kinos und war ein meisterhaftes Beispiel für die Montage von Filmen. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7TgWoSHUn8c

Im Fürst-Gagarin-Palast, dem heutigen Literaturmuseum, konnten wir ein schönes klassisches Konzert besuchen. Ein weiteres wichtiges Gebäude ist natürlich die Oper im neubarocken Stil oder der Tolstoi-Palast, der ebenfalls zu einem Museum wurde. Ich war auch auf der Suche nach der Ephrussi-Bank, berühmt durch das Buch “Der Hase mit den Bernsteinaugen” von Edmund De Waal. Sie befindet sich direkt gegenüber der Oper, aber ich konnte kein Foto machen, aber sie war grau und erschien mir nicht so außergewöhnlich.

Die Regierung und das Puschkin-Denkmal befinden sich am südlichen Ende des Primorski-Boulevards. Der berühmte Schriftsteller wurde 1823/24 in diese Stadt verbannt und war gezwungen, für die Stadtverwaltung zu arbeiten.

für die Stadtverwaltung zu arbeiten. Er schrieb mehr als 30 Gedichte, während er in Odessa war, und begann auch mit “THE GYPSIES” http://www.pushkins-poems.com/Gypsies01.htm und es gefällt mir sehr gut. Übrigens kann man auf dem Denkmal sehen, dass er der Regierung seinen Hintern zeigt!

The family of the last Czar with his 5 children, Olga, Tatiana, Marie, Anastasia and Alexej.

Zu Yalta in Kürze auf Deutsch

  1. Im Februar 1945 fand im Livadia Palast die berühmte Yalta Konferenz statt. Der Tisch befindet sich deshalb hier
  2. Churchill wollte, dass die Konferenz hier stattfand, wegen des milden Klimas auf der Halbinsel Krim

3.Die drei Staatsmänner, Stalin, Churchill und Roosevelt diskutierten hier über die zukünftige Zusammensetzung Europas. 4.Der Zar Alexander II, Alexander III und der letzte Zar Nicolai II verbrachten in diesem Palast, im Renaissance Stil, mit ihren Familien die Sommer.

ITALIANO

Caterina la Grande non solo fece guerra all’Impero Ottomano tra il 1768-1774 ma invase e catturò anche la Crimea. Ha anche acquisito il diritto di passaggio attraverso gli stretti da Costantinopoli al Mediterraneo.

Tuttavia, mi sono innamorata a prima vista di Odessa di Caterina la Grande che ha fondato la città nel 1794 e che mi ha ricordato San Pietroburgo per i suoi splendidi palazzi/case di vari stili architettonici anche in uno stesso edificio e le ampie strade o viali. Comunque, questa città è stata multiculturale con “colonizzazioni “tedesche fin dalla sua fondazione. Purtroppo negli anni ’30, a causa di un’intensa e violenta russificazione, la società è cambiata completamente.

Il porto è anche molto impressionante e le scale di Potemkin pure. Sono considerate un ingresso formale nella città dalla direzione del mare e sono il simbolo più noto di Odessa e un’attrazione turistica. Potemkin era il co-referente di Caterina, amante, marito segreto, migliore amico e uno dei più brillanti statisti del XVIII secolo.

Proprio dietro le scale, c’è anche un al “Duc” de Richelieu. Comandava una divisione nella guerra turca e dopo il suo ritorno in Francia divenne addirittura primo ministro.

C’è anche un film molto famoso “Battleship Potemkin” un classico capolavoro del cinema muto del regista Sergej Eisenstein del 1925 dove queste scale sono importanti. Il film è basato sui veri eventi della rivoluzione russa del 1905. Il film ebbe un impatto incredibile sullo sviluppo del cinema e fu un esempio magistrale di montaggio. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7TgWoSHUn8c

Al Palazzo del Principe Gagarin, ora museo della letteratura, abbiamo potuto assistere a un bel concerto classico. Un altro edificio importante è, naturalmente, l’opera in stile nuovo barocco o il Palazzo Tolstoj che è anche diventato un museo. Stavo anche cercando la Banca Ephrussi, famosa per il libro “La lepre dagli occhi d’ambra” di Edmund De Waal. Si trova proprio di fronte all’opera ma non ho potuto fare una foto, era grigio e non mi sembrava così eccezionale.

Il Governo e il monumento a Pushkin si trovano all’estremità meridionale del viale Primorski. Il famoso scrittore fu esiliato in questa città nel 1823/24 e fu costretto a lavorare

per l’amministrazione della città. Scrisse più di 30 poesie mentre era a Odessa e iniziò anche con “LE GIPSE” http://www.pushkins-poems.com/Gypsies01.htm e mi piace molto. A proposito, sul monumento si può vedere che sta mostrando il suo didietro al governo!

Concernente Yalta

Nel febbraio 1945, la famosa Conferenza di Yalta ebbe luogo nel Palazzo Livadia. La tabella si trova quindi qui

  1. Churchill voleva che la conferenza si tenesse qui a causa del clima mite della penisola di Crimea.
    Penisola di Crimea.
  2. i tre statisti, Stalin, Churchill e Roosevelt, hanno discusso qui il futuro
    futura composizione dell’Europa.
  3. gli zar Alessandro II, Alessandro III e l’ultimo zar Nicolai II hanno passato del tempo qui con le loro famiglie. Ecco il Palazzo rinascimentale!

See also/Seht auch/guardate anche:

 

I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit together at the table of brotherhood.
Read more at http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/m/martinluth115055.html#UQo1elaXCySeH4kA.99

38 replies »

  1. Such a beautiful post, Martina.

    Thank you for showing us a little bit of the gems you admired once in Crimea. I wonder now how much of this still stands… Such a tragedy, such a loss-this war- for future generations and for humankind. It feels that us, too (no matter where we live) have lost some of the innocence we were unknowingly basking in just over a week ago.

    I really appreciate your blog post today. Going over to read more about your travels to Venice-Crimea and your recommendation of ‘The Hare’.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Your words full of solidarity with the Ukrainians, Patricia, really give me some hope that people will awake from their sleep of indifference!
      It was a beautiful trip and so full of life and culture and it reminds me deeply of the importance of such places being intact:)
      I very much hope that “The Hare with Amber Eyes” will tempt you.
      I’m keeping my fingers crossed, with you, and hopefully with many others, for the people there and for their courage:)

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Hi Martina, thank you for sharing this post. I do not know that much about this area and its history and I am pleased to learn more. This war is very upsetting and sad. I thought Europe had moved on from this aggressive and war like behaviour. I really hope that these historical places and the stairs are not damaged or destroyed by the bombing. I am currently reading War and Peace (I’m about half way) and am learning a lot about pre-revolution Russia and the Napoleonic wars.

    Liked by 1 person

    • I am very glad, Roberta, that you received this post and have written your kind and interesting words! We here are very concerned with what happens not very far away and consider the behaviour of the Ukrainian people as heroic! You are right that this aggressive and cruel way of behaviour has not been considered possible anymore in Europe. The Potemkin stairs/steps seem also to symbolize the division of the rich people, on the upper part, and the poor and criminal ones at the bottom of the stairs.I have also read that it was built in order to stabilize the slope and avoid landslides. And there is the film “The Battleship Potemkin”, where the victory of the mutinous sailers over the Czarist officers is celebrated!! I have read War and Peace a long time ago and I think it would be a very good idea to take it up again and compare the situations: )
      All the best Martina

      Liked by 1 person

  3. Danke liebe Martina, für diese feine Nachhilfestunde in Geschichte. Masterchen wie auch Siri 🙂 und 🙂 Selma haben sie gebraucht. Wir wussten z.B. gar nichts über die Verbindung von Pushkin und Odessa.
    Mit lieben Grüßen von dem heute regnerischen Norfolk, wo wir unsere Schränke durchgingen, um zu schauen, was wir für die Ukraine-Flüchtlinge und Bevölkerung spenden können.
    Keep well
    The Fab Four of Cley
    🙂 🙂 🙂 🙂

    Liked by 1 person

    • Ja, lieber Klausbernd, Pushkin wurde nach Odessa versetzt, weil er anscheinend einige Gedichte veröffentlicht hatte, in denen er sich über wichtige öffentliche Persönlichkeiten lustig gemacht hatte! Und einem Sibirienaufenthalt konnte er nur entgehen, weil auch er wichtige Leute kannte!
      Ich danke dir und deinem Team für das Interesse und Anteilnahme an der schwierigen Situation der Menschen dieser Region.
      Cari saluti Martina:)

      Liked by 1 person

  4. Beautifully written and for me so very informative ~ a history I had never heard before, and also the timeliness of learning more about this area and the depth of significance this place holds in the heart of the world.

    Liked by 2 people

  5. I have just come here after listening to your lovely conversation with Rebecca on Tea Toast and Trivia. I am delighted to read your post on Crimea. It adds context to what is happening in that region now but also to my reading of War and Peace. Let’s hope that peace will prevail.

    Like

  6. Very timely, Martina, with all this trouble in Ukraine. I read Pushkin when I was a child, in truth I do not remember much of it, but I was impressed by his adventurous life, it was a book from my father, now ignore where it ended, possibly a brother of mine must have it.
    And today with so many books to read I got, well too busy to read so many things.
    I enjoyed your post, Martina! 🙂

    Liked by 1 person

    • It’s good to hearing from you, Brogido:) The war in Ukraine is most horrible, of course, but to read Pushkin is just great. At the moment I am “devouring” his “The Negro of Peter the Great”. Who knows, if some day you don’t feel like going back to this great writer, who tells us a lot about 19th century Russia. Many thanks to your very much appreciated visit in my home.

      Like

  7. Well, I may not go back to Pushkin anytime soon, as it is, I got dozens of books waiting for me to be read, plus the work of reading people here in WordPress, not to say I own Tolstoy, Dostoevsky, Perez Galdos, Pio Baroja, Armando Palacios Valdes, Antonio Machado, Oscar Wilde,Herman Hesse, Franz Kafka, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Rafael Cansinos Assens, that by the way I recomend to you to read his memories of a literato, ignore if you can find it in German, English very doubtful, I have it in Spanish, Jacinto Benavente,Juan Ramon jimenez, Valle Inclan, Thomas Mann, Patrick Leigh Fermor, Jane Austen, Goethe, and many others, not just random books, but their full works, collections! and some of the mentioned, I have not read even half of their many novels, or essays, because I am busy reading this, or that, and these other authors, like Ibn Arabi extensive Futuhat Al Makkiya 37 volumes! And I am sure I am forgetting many others! 🤷‍♂️
    Well what can I say? Even if I am retired now, I still have to do work around the house my meals, run errands, and now commute, for an hour just one way to the city to take care of business, and see friends, who incidentally read, and also recommend books to me saying things like:
    “You got to read so, and so!”
    Well, I am sure you get the idea!
    I got books coming out of my ears!
    I am going nuts!🤣
    Take care Martina!😉

    Liked by 1 person

    • Books coming out of my ear, makes me laugh, dear Brogido,because that is a sentence I sometimes say to myself!!:) One of your mentioned writers I don’t know is Patrick Leigh Fermor or a “A Time of Gifts” and I think his subject would interest me, despite the fact, that for the time being I want to concentrate, if possible, on Russian writers, such as Pushkin and the famous journalist and human rights activist Anna Politkovskaya or “Nothing But the Truth” or her courage, above all about the Chechnya war crimes! It seems that she was too curious to find out what was really going on and was therefore killed by “somebody” in 2006 in Moscau.
      Maybe you should also learn German in order to read all the great writers you mentioned in dieser Sprache. Maybe in your next life!!!
      All the best with all your duties and stay well:

      Liked by 1 person

      • The problem with learning languages, you have to have a way to practice them, and for that you need to be an environment where a particular language, its easily available, otherwise you go to rely on your own will, and limited resources you may have, I thrive in English, and to a lesser degree in Spanish, simply by my ability to get books on those languages.
        By the way that book I recommended you, I am sure you will love it, I certainly did!
        Here I send you a review, you can translate it into English or German.
        https://elpais.com/diario/1995/11/17/opinion/816562808_850215.html

        Like

  8. I started reading him unknowingly many years ago, because basically single-handedly translated great authors of universal literature like Dostoevsky, Goethe, Shakespeare, Andreyev, Turguénev, Schiller, and many others for the publisher Aguilar on fancy editions, like the ones portrayed on my latest post, that I own.
    But confess I did not read anything from his own pen, until some ten years ago, and it was, the novel of a Literato, translated as a lover of literature, or someone who is worth of literary value.
    You cannot realize how much I enjoyed it, since in reality it’s not a novel, but his experiences as a writer, about other writers, and their bohemian adventurous wandering, and lifestyle, at the cafes of Madrid before the civil war. A sort of gossip, intrigues, rivalries, loves, and fortunes, or the lack of it, of so many writers, told as a witness of such days, now known in Spain as the Silver age of Spanish Literature.
    Anyway I am looking now for the three books somewhere in a box, so I can have the pleasure of savoring it again.

    Liked by 1 person

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